Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.
A Little Bit About Us
Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.
Great Basin Seed 450 South 50 East Ephraim, UT 84627
Native Seed vs introduced seed. The distinction between them and the appropriateness of their use can be a confusing topic. What should I plant and why?
Native species defined:
The United States National Arboretumdefines a native plant as “one that occurs naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, or habitat without direct or indirect human intervention. We consider the flora present at the time Europeans arrived in North America as the species native to the eastern United States. Native plants include all kinds of plants from mosses and ferns to wildflowers, shrubs, and trees.”
Needle & Threadgrass (Hesperostipa comata) is a native grass.
The real definition of a native species can be a point of frequent confusion for customers. We are here to help clarify.
Introduced species defined:
A plant living outside it’s native distribution range is considered introduced. It can arrive there either deliberately or accidentally. Any plant transplanted to North America after the arrival of Europeans is an introduced species. Introduced species are sometimes called alien, non-native or exotic.
Crested Wheatgrass is an introduced species. It is highly useful in dryland and reclamation settings.
What is an invasive plant?
The terms “introduced” and “invasive” are commonly used as synonyms but an introduced species is not necessarily invasive, though it can be. Species that have a negative impact on the environment are defined as invasive. A plant can be introduced and not invasive. Many introduced species are non-invasive and very useful. Consider plants like alfalfa, clovers and many fruit tree varieties. They are all introduced but serve a very useful and productive purpose. In many reclamation settings introduced species are a superior choice for immediate remediation as they establish quickly, stabilize the soil and prepare the way for long-term native plants.
Which should I use?
The answer depends upon your goals. Every situation is different. If your goals immediate soil stabilization then an all-introduced mix is in order. If your goals are the restoration of a pure native stand then choose natives. The right solution may be all native, all introduced or a combination of both. Give us a call and we will help you decide. 4335.283.1411