Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.


A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.


Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)

Questions? Gives us a call at 435.283.1411 Monday – Friday from 8am – 5pm.

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Dryland Pasture Seed Mix is designed for farm, ranch and range where no irrigation is present. It grows well on the annual precipitation available in most areas of the United States excluding very arid climates like the Sonoran and Mojave desert. It will grow on a minimum of 10″ annual precipitation. If some sprinkler or flood irrigation is present or annual precipitation averages 11-13 inches yield will improve. We have selected dryland pasture grass seed mix species that persist in droughty conditions and provide high quality forage.

In areas of 12+ inches of annual precipitation dryland pasture grass has been and bailed at least once annually. Can be fall and winter grazed as pasture. It is an excellent dual-purpose product adapted to a wide range of dryland ecosystems. It is efficient and multi-purpose.

Dryland Pasture Mix is effective for disturbed sites and erosion control. Competes well with weeds, especially when it is sown in late summer or fall, giving it the upper hand against weedy spring annuals.

Best results are acheived by correct and careful drill seeding or broadcast seeding. Broadcast is the most common sowing method. If the drill method is used, take care to plant no deeper than .25″. Prepare the soil with some form of light disturbance such as a spike-tooth harrow. Methods will vary from site to site and will depend upon your equipment and size of your planting area.

Dryland pasture mix can be sown any time of year if your seeding is kept wet, especially during germination and establishment. Supplement annual precipitation with irrigation if you choose to sow in dry, hot seasons. The best planting time is late fall (September-October). In fall planting scenarios the seed will lie dormant until spring. Firm seed-to-soil contact will enhance establishment, as will rolling or packing, but do not bury pasture grass seed.Plant no deeper than 1/4″

Seeding Rate for Dryland Pasture Seed Mix: 16 lbs./acre drilled (1/4″ maximum depth) 20 lbs./acre broadcast. Refer to the analysis tag on each bag for planting instructions and additional helpful information. For more details click the “additional information” tab above.

Our Dryland Pasture Seed Mix contains the following species*:

We can modify any of our mixes to your liking and blend a custom mix for you. Give us a call at 435.283.1411. Other recommended dryland pasture species might include:

This product has been a best seller for over 30 years!
Comes standard in our Old Tyme Cotton bags!

*Refer to the analysis tags for actual percentages and mixture ingredients.


We are frequently asked if this product is suitable for lawn or turf in yards and outlying areas. We don’t recommend it as turf – the bunch grasses make it difficult (but not impossible) to mow, the species are not fine stemmed and the plants are generally too tall once establishes. Dryland pasture seed mix is a good choice for outlying areas that are not heavily traveled, or where coverage is desired over bare ground, where little mowing will occur, or for weed control.

For additional information see our Dryland Pasture Mix blogpost.

Growth Height:

Max Sowing Depth:

Minimum Precipitation:

Sowing / Planting Rate

16 lbs. per acre if drilled. Do not drill deeper than 1/4"
20lbs. per acre if broadcast

Best Sowing Time:

Fall = Best
Spring = Good, when conditions permit
Can be sown any time of year provided the seedbed remains wet, especially during germination

Seed Count

Approx. 145,000. Variable, depends heavily upon mix ratios

Native or Introduced:

Plant Lifespan:

Sun & Shade Tolerance:

Full Sun , shade OK


3 reviews for Dryland Pasture Seed Mix

  1. ranchhouse (verified owner)

    This is the 3rd year planting the Dryland Pasture Seed Mix. I am located at 5000 ft elevation in Arizona. It has been trial and error here with my soil, but this has been the best year so far. I had a soil test done the second year and it has made a big difference in my results. Very happy with the Dryland Pasture Seed Mix.

  2. Fiona Sinclair

    I am restoring a mountain valley pasture at 7700 ft in altitude. Planting Great Basin Dryland Pasture Mix has proved to be a very smart decision. It is 6 weeks since planting and it is a good 5-7 inches tall with under 5 inches of rain. Due to the drill being set incorrectly it was heavily sown (at 12lbs per acre) in one part of the field and very lightly (3 – 5 lbs per acre) in another. The heavier sown areas are doing fantastic and looking very lush with no weeds. The lighter sown areas are thick with weed! I ordered an extra bag to resow the lighter areas and have mowed all the weeds in the hopes the seed will kick in with fall precipitation. Very happy with this product. – Fiona Sinclair

  3. Kelly S.

    Ordered seed for pasture we just purchased that was extremely over grazed. Quick shipping to my door! Will definitely use them in the future 👍 – Kelly S.

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The Basics of Dryland Grass Establishment

One of the most valuable assets you can have on your acreage is a well established stand of grass. Grasses serve several important functions for property owners:

  • Reduce the need for weed control. Weed control is one of the most resource-consuming tasks a landowner faces. A thick crop of grass will suppress weeds by not not giving them a place to invade. Grasses will not totally eliminate the need to “patrol and control” unwanted plants, but your weed infestations will be smaller and less frequent.
  • 􏰀Wind and water erosion control. Grasses hold your soil in place when heavy rains or high winds try to take it somewhere else. Grass buffer strips are particularly important bordering any water features like rivers, streams, ponds or lakes to filter soil particles and debris from runoff to help prevent excessive sediment in the water.
  • 􏰀Habitat for a variety of wildlife species.
  • 􏰀Opportunity to harvest grass hay, particularly if you are able to irrigate your grass.
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  • 􏰀Increased aesthetics and visual appeal of your property.
  • Grazing is a common use of grasses, but love your grass as much as you love your animals. If you leave your horses or other livestock on your pastures too long, allowing them to overgraze and trample the ground, you will destroy the resources you invested to establish the grasses AND well as loose the aforementioned benefits.

When making plans to plant grass there are several important factors that must be considered. Soils, climate, available water and the uses of the grasses planted are all variable that should be considered.

Native grasses are native to the United States. These grasses have adapted to climate and soils of the area so they can survive better. Natives are usually slow to establish, taking from two to four years before they become fully established and developed. Once established they persist a long time and require little maintenance. You will generally have to spend more money for native seed.

Introduced grass species are those developed or introduced from outside North America. They are/were typically introduced for their forage qualities. They usually establish quickly, given adequate soil moisture, and can be grazed in one to two years. Introduced grasses will respond better to fertilizer and irrigation than many of the natives, but they don’t live as long as natives.

Grasses can be classified as sod-formers or bunch grasses, and as cool season or warm season species. Sod-forming grasses reproduce from their root systems as well as from seeds. Bunch grasses grow in clumps and reproduce primarily from seeds. Cool season grasses actively grow during the cool months of the year (spring and fall); warm season grasses actively grow during the summer months.

Soil type or texture dictates what type of grass will perform best on your property. As a “rule of thumb”, short, sod-forming grasses grow best on heavy soils such as clay and tall grasses perform best on the lighter, sandy soils.

Here are some things to think about as you start planning to plant grass on your acreage:

  • Are weeds under control? Once grasses have been growing for a year or two, they can out-compete most weeds. BUT, when they’re just getting started, grass stands will be destroyed by weeds, particularly noxious weeds like Canada thistle, field bindweed and others that will suck up available soil moisture and shade out or crowd out grass seedlings. CONTROL YOUR WEEDS BEFORE PLANTING GRASSES.
  • Prepare a good seedbed, free of debris like old weed matter, rocks and clods. A good seedbed should: be firm but pliable enough to push a tilling spade 18” into the soil. When you walk across the perfect seedbed, you won’t stumble over old weed materials or dirt clods and your footprints should sink about 1⁄4” into the soil when the field is dry. In many situations a "perfect" seedbed is simply not achievable, so do your best.
  • Dryland grass seeding can be done between November 15th and April 30th on unfrozen ground. Irrigated grass seeding can be done between November 15th and June 30th when the soil isn’t frozen.
  • 􏰀
  • Be sure to use a good quality no-till grass drill to do your seeding. Grass drills and grain drills aren’t the same. One of the biggest reasons grass plantings fail is the seed was planted too deep.

Developing a hearty grass stand on your land takes planning, preparation and resources. However, it’s one of the best decisions you can make to improve your property.

Adapted from an article by the USDA-NRCS