Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.


A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.


Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)

Blue Grama (Bouteloua gracilis) is a major warm season grass found throughout the western United States and Great Plains. It is fairly short, reaching an average of 10 to 20 inches. It grows in definite bunches and reproduces by tillering and by seed. Blue Grama grows as a bunchgrass in southern states but in northern states or areas of heavy grazing pressure it is a sod former. Blue grama can be found growing in association with buffalograss, western wheatgrass, needlegrasses and in some areas the bluegrasses.

Blue grama demonstrates good drought tolerance. It has fair salinity tolerance and moderate alkalinity tolerances. In its dormant state, it will also tolerate burning. It will not tolerate dense shade, flooding, a high water table, or acid soils.

Blue grama is suitable for mixtures of grasses used in erosion control, low maintenance turf plantings, and surface mine revegetation. Establish as with all native grasses. Proper ground preparation is one of the most important considerations. The seedbed should be firm but not solid; cultivation to kill the roots of cool-season grasses is essential. Planting may be done by either drilling or broadcasting, with the seed being sown no more than 1/4 to 1/2 inches deep at a rate of 1 to 3 pounds PLS/acre. Seeding in late spring is recommended in the Great Plains; earlier seeding is recommended in areas further south. In the Southwest, seeding should be done during the period from June 15 to July 15.

Blue grama will tolerate low-nutrient soils better than acidic conditions. In western areas plant blue grama in a sorghum cover crop, stubble, or in with the crop itself.

Once the grass is established, it is very palatable to livestock all year long. Since growing points are at or near the ground surface, the grass withstands fairly close grazing. For best yields, defer grazing during the growing season every 2 to 3 years. Blue grama cures well on stem, making it a good grass for grazing during the dormant season.

***click the “Additional Information” tab for more seed facts.

Common Name:

Blue Grama

Scientific Name:

Native or Introduced:

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Seed Count

724,000 seeds/lb.

Available Cultivars/Varieties:

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Sowing Rate

1 -3 PLS lbs. per Acre

Best SowingTime


Min. Precipitation

8-10 Inches Minimum

Root Form

Bunchgrass, Sodformer

Zone Map


Growth Height:

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Sun & Shade Tolerance:

High Sun

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