Fria Annual Ryegrass

  • Superior cold tolerance
  • High forage yield
  • Excellent for overseeding
  • Ideal cover crop
  • Great disease resistance
  • Excellent palatability

Minimum order quantity of 10 pounds.

Quantity is per pound. Example: 1 = 1 lb, 2 = 2 lbs, 3 = 3lbs, etc. This is pure seed, not a live plant.

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Annual Ryegrass (Lolium perenne multiform)

Fria annual ryegrass not only delivers outstanding yields in the south and north, but has exceptional cold tolerance that helps in fall establishment and winter survival throughout the transition zone and further north. Developed by Dr. Gordon Prine at the University of Florida for cold tolerance, improved crown rust resistance and resistance to gray and helminthosporium leaf spot; Fria is a late maturing diploid variety.

For forage production, Fria annual ryegrass is typically seeded into dormant warm season grass pastures or after wheat and corn silage harvest to provide grazing, hay, haylage or greenchop through the winter and spring. Planting dates are from August to November depending on the region.

Recommended seeding rates are 20-25 pounds per acre drilled early (August-early September), 25-30 pounds per acre drilled later (late September-November) or 25-35 pounds per acre broadcast. Fria provides consistent high quality forage production and excellent grazing under proper management. For hay or haylage, cut when the plant is between the boot and early head stage for optimum yield and quality. For grazing and green chop, start when Fria is 8 to 10 inches tall. Do not graze or greenchop lower than 3 inches.

As a cover crop, Fria annual ryegrass can break up natural and manmade hardpans with its deep root penetration when planted in a continuous no-till rotation. Up to 30-90 pounds of nitrogen per acre can be provided for the following crop by recycling the nitrogen in the soil under no-till farming management as long as it is not harvested or grazed. The ability to capture and keep nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil profile after manure applications, preventing nutrient runoff is another big plus. Fria can also greatly reduce soil erosion, especially when planted after corn. Other benefits include reducing soybean cyst nematode populations and potential increased corn and soybean yields due to improved soil characteristics.

  • Ranked 5 out of 26 – 2005-2006 two year average at Sand Mountain Research & Extension Center, Crossville, Alabama
  • Ranked #14 out of 40 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2005-2006 MSU Trial Starkville, Mississippi
  • Ranked #2 out of 17 – 2009-2010 University of Tennessee Trial at Greeneville Research & Education Center, Greeneville, Tennessee
  • Ranked #11 out of 17 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2009-2010 University of Tennessee Trial at East Tennessee
  • Research & Education Center, Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Ranked #1 out of 10 – 2009 University of Wisconsin Trial at Spooner Agricultural Research Station, Spooner, Wisconsin
  • Ranked #14 out of 34 (no significant difference in yield from top variety) – 2005-2006 University of Nebraska Trial Scottsbluff

Annual Ryegrass (Lolium perenne multiform) is used primarily for fast forage production or quick cover in erosion control plantings. Millions of acres are planted in annual ryegrass every year in the united states. It is easy to establish. It is quite similar to Perennial Ryegrass except it is an annual (or biennial depending on the climate and/or length of the growing season). It is widely adapted but thrives in dark, rich soils and mild climates. Owing to it’s shallow seeding depth and rapid establishment, annual ryegrass is an excellent choice for broadcast inter-seeding into existing stands. It is a fast and inexpensive way to temporarily boost the forage or grazing production on a stand. It also produces excellent hay as a stand-alone item.

Our annual ryegrass exhibits rapid establishment, improved seedling vigor, and tillering. It was selected for quick regrowth after cutting and high forage yields. Annual ryegrass is ideally suited for managed, intensive grazing operations and has shown to have excellent resistance to foliar diseases that can impact forage quality and persistence, such as rust and ryegrass blast. As a variety it demonstrates improved cold tolerance, improved rust tolerance, excellent seedling vigor, and quick establishment. It is high-yielding and is excellent for grazing with excellent digestibility.

Seeding Rate as a stand alone item (per acre)30-40 lbs.
Seeding Rate in a Mix (per acre)10-30 lbs.
Seeding Depth1/8 - 1/2 in
Days to Germinate5-7
Average Seeds per lb.160,000
Ease of EstablishmentExcellent
Life CycleAnnual
Forage YieldExcellent
Forage QualityExcellent
MaturityMedium (mid-summer)
Growth HabitBunch
Drought ToleranceGood
Moisture ToleranceGood

***click the “Additional Information” tab for more seed facts.

Additional information
Weight 1 lbs
Root Form


Min. Precipitation

10 Inches Minimum

Best SowingTime

8-16 PLS Pounds per Are

Sowing Rate

8-16 PLS lbs. per Acre

Seed Count


Plant PDF File


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Common Name:

Annual Ryegrass, Italian Ryegrass

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