Timothy can be used with legumes and/or other grasses in seed mixtures for cover, filter strips, herbaceous buffers, waterways, and other critical area applications. It can also be used for erosion control on cut- or burned-over forestland. This is a shallow-rooted and thus should not be considered the primary species for erosion control plantings. It is commonly found in wildlife seed mixtures for nesting, brood rearing, and escape cover.
This species is sometimes confused with meadow foxtail (Alopecurus pratensis) and creeping foxtail (A. arundinaceus). Meadow and creeping foxtail have short twisted awns giving the inflorescence a somewhat fuzzy appearance. Timothy is awnless. Additionally, cured seed heads of creeping foxtail have a dark to somewhat black appearance, while cured seed heads of timothy are tan to buff colored.
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