Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627
Give us a call at 435-283-1411
M-F 8am-5pm MST
Questions? Gives us a call at 435.283.1411 Monday – Friday from 8am – 5pm.
Arrowleaf Balsamroot (Basamorhiza sagittatta) is a member of the Sunflower family. It is a long-lived perennial forb native to western North America. The scientific name is derived from the sagittate (arrowhead shaped) leaves.
Arrowleaf balsamroot occurs throughout western North America from Alberta and British Columbia, east to the Dakotas and south to Colorado and Arizona. It grows on open hillsides and prairies at mid to upper elevations in the Intermountain West and Rocky Mountain regions. It is commonly associated with sagebrush communities including basin big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush, threetip sagebrush and infrequently with Wyoming big sagebrush. Arrowleaf balsamroot can also be found growing in mountain shrub, pinyon-juniper, ponderosa pine, Douglas fir and aspen plant communities.
Arrowleaf balsamroot is adapted to fine to medium textured soils in areas typically receiving 12 to 25 in of annual precipitation. Populations are known in Wyoming big sagebrush sites receiving about 9 in of annual precipitation. Because of the deep taproot, arrowleaf balsamroot tolerates fire, grazing, trampling and drought. It prefers well-drained silty to loamy soils with a pH range of 6.5 to 8.0. The plants are often found in open, full sun, but can also tolerate partial shade. It occurs naturally from 1,000 to 9,000 ft in elevation.
A wide variety of wildlife utilizes arrowleaf balsamroot. Deer, elk, bighorn sheep and pronghorn eat the leaves, stems and flowers. Arrowleaf balsamroot can be used to improve spring and summer forage in open rangelands. It is desired forage for cattle, sheep, elk, and pronghorn in spring and summer. The seeds are eaten by birds and rodents. It is believed that the presence of arrowleaf balsamroot may serve as an indicator of good habitat for sage-grouse.
This species is commonly used in restoration seedings. The species is believed to have potential for use in oil shale, roadside and mining restoration practices. It is tolerant of fire due to its deep taproot. Following fires, the plants will often regenerate from the persisting caudex.
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