Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.


A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.


Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)

Fourwing Saltbush is a heavily branched deciduos evergreen shrub from 2 to 6 feet tall, occasionally reaching 10 feet tall. It is an important species in the northern salt desert shrub association. Average annual precipitation in this desert area varies from 6 to 14 inches but is mostly in the 8 to 12 inch range; summers are hot and dry and winters are normally cold. It is found in desert flats, gravelly washes, mesas, ridges, slopes, and even on sand dunes. It can grow at elevations from 3,000 to as high as 8,000 feet, but is most likely to be found at 4,500 to 6,000 feet. Fourwing saltbrush is distributed throughout the western United States.

Fourwing saltbush grows on a wide range of soils from clays to sands. It does well in soils with high lime content. It can tolerate soil depths from 10 inches to over 3 feet, but is mostly found in moderately deep to deep soils. It is able to exist on soils with heavy white or black alkali concentrations but is not restricted to saline-alkali areas and is by no means an indicator of these conditions.

Atriplex canescens is used widely in reclamation projects on mine spoils, cut banks and other disturbed areas to blend into natural vegetation. Due to its extensive and deep root system (20 to 40 feet deep) this plant has an adaptation for erosion control, especially where associated native plants have not been disturbed. It is important to plant seed that was harvested in similar environmental conditions, especially precipitation, temperature and elevation.

The plant is nutricious for sheep and goats, fair for cattle, and poor for horses, except in winter when its rating would be fair to good. The seed crop is extremely nutritious and eaten extensively by livestock and deer, especially during the winter. Quail use it for shady cover, roosting, and food.

Seed Count


Min. Precipitation

6 inches


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