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Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.

 

A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.

Address

Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)
dess@haystackmtn.com

Cache Meadow Brome (Bromopsis biebersteinii)

Cache Meadow Brome was developed by the USDA- ARS, Forage and Range Research Laboratory at Utah State University, Logan, UT. Released in 2004 with Plant Variety Protection (PVP). Cache Meadow Brome derived from selections of Regar, Fleet and Paddock. Selected for improved seedling establishment and increased forage yields on irrigated and semi-irrigated pastures in the Intermountain and Northern Great Plains regions of the western United States. Individual seed weight of Cache is comparable to Fleet and Paddock, but significantly heavier than Regar. Cache Meadow Brome is a favorite and is a standard item in our pasture grass mixes.

Meadow Brome History, Habitat & Uses

Meadow Brome (Meadow Bromegrass) is an introduced, long lived cool season perennial. Introduced to the United States from Turkey in 1949. It is highly palatable and widely used for hay, pasture and forage production. Meadow Brome is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife, Cache Meadow Brome is among the favorites. It provides good erosion control with its dense network of fibrous roots.

Meadow brome is most commonly used in the northern tier of the United States and the southern tier of Canada but can grow on plains, mountain valleys, mountain brush, aspen, conifer forest and subalpine sites at elevations of about 4,000 feet. It has excellent winter hardiness with moderate tolerance to shade (Ogle, et al., 2011). However, it is less winter hardy than smooth brome and crested wheatgrass. It performs best on moderately deep to deep, fertile, well-drained soils but also performs fairly well on shallower soils. Preferred soil textures range from coarse gravelly to medium textured. Meadow brome can be grown under dryland conditions receiving greater than 14 inches of annual precipitation, but performs best with 16 inches or more of annual precipitation or with irrigation. Meadow brome is rated poor to moderate for salinity tolerance depending on testing procedures. It is sensitive to flooding and commonly dies if inundated for more than 10 days.

 Meadow Brome Uses

Excellent forage for big game animals and waterfowl. Recommended in grass-legume mixes. Excellent for nesting, brood rearing, escape, and winter cover in upland wildlife conservation plantings and field borders. Less aggressive than Smooth Brome.

Management

Under dryland conditions new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the second growing season. Plants are severely damaged or pulled out by overgrazing especially in the seedling year. Under irrigated conditions the new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the first growing season. Harvesting for hay during the establishment year is most beneficial to eliminate grazing damage. This plant responds well to rotation- deferred grazing systems. Allowed to periodically mature and produce seed to maintain long-lived stands. Not considered weedy but could spread into adjoining degraded plant communities via seed under ideal conditions.

Other Meadow Brome Cultivars

‘Fleet’: Developed by the Agriculture Canada Research Station, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and released in 1987. Formed as a synthetic of plants from Eurasian sources including Regar. Fleet also has varying degrees of pubescence similar to Regar. Regrowth following clipping or grazing and fall greenness are also similar to Regar. Forage yields are also similar to Regar, but Fleet may produce higher seed yields (Knowles, 1990).

‘Paddock’: Selected by the Agriculture Canada Research Station, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada and released in 1987. Developed from an introduction from Krasnodar, USSR in 1969. Paddock has a similar habit of growth to Regar and Fleet. Leaves are slightly wider than Regar and forage yields are similar to Fleet and Regar. Paddock seed yields are greater than Regar seed yields (Knowles, 1990).

‘Regar’: Selected from a collection made near Zek, in Kars Province in Turkey in 1949. Made available to the Aberdeen Plant Materials Center in 1957 by the USDA Regional Plant Introduction Station and released in 1966 by the Aberdeen, Idaho Plant Materials Center and the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station. Regar seed germinates readily, seedling vigor is good and seedlings establish rapidly.

Synonyms: Bromus erectus, Bromus riparius

***click the “Additional Information” tab for more seed facts.

 

Common Name:

Meadow Brome

Scientific Name:

Native or Introduced:

Plant Type:

Plant Lifespan:

Seed Count

40,000 seeds/lb.

Growth Season:

Available Cultivars/Varieties:

,

Sowing Rate

10-12 PLS lbs. per Acre (double is broadcast)

Max Sowing Depth:

Best Sowing Time

Fall, Spring

Growth Height:

Min. Precipitation

14 Inches Minimum

Root Form

Sodformer

Sun & Shade Tolerance:

High Sun

pH Tolerance:

Elevation of Occurance:

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