Falcata Yellow Blossom Alfalfa

$9.25
  • Scientific name: Medicago sativa ssp. falcata
  • Demonstrates superior drought resistance over alfalfa
  • Winter-hardy and tolerates pH up to 8.5
  • Nitrogen-fixing rangeland legume
  • Persistent in harsh, competitive grazing applications
  • Should not be grazed until the second year
  • Excellent in grass mixes or interseeding

Quantity is per pound. Example: 1 = 1 lb, 2 = 2 lbs, 3 = 3lbs, etc. This is pure seed, not a live plant.



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Min. to Max. Annual Precipitation

36in.

Average Max. Height

Also known as Yellow Flower Alfalfa or simply “Falcata” (Medicago sativa ssp. falcata) is a subspecies of alfalfa. Demonstrates superior drought resistance over alfalfa. Has more of a creeping or fibrous spreading root system than purple-flowered alfalfas. Winter-hardy and tolerates pH up to 8.5. Falcata alfalfa readily establishes in native rangelands and persistent in harsh, competitive grazing applications on semiarid rangelands and irrigated pastures. Best used in mixes, not as a single species. Extremely drought and winter hardy and can persist on rangeland by going dormant during challenging conditions.

Falcata Yellow Blossom alfalfa, also known as Yellow Flower Alfalfa or simply “Falcata” (Medicago sativa ssp. falcata) is a subspecies of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) that demonstrates superior drought resistance over alfalfa. Falcata alfalfa offers great promise by introducing a drought tolerant, nitrogen-fixing legume to the rangelands of the US. displays some key differences from the much more common purple-flowered alfalfas used for hay production.  It has more of a creeping or fibrous root system than purple-flowered alfalfas, which allows it to spread by root. It is also winter-hardy and tolerates pH up to 8.5.

While other alfalfa varieties have met with poor establishment success on rangelands, falcata alfalfa readily establishes in native rangelands. It is persistent in harsh, competitive grazing applications on semiarid rangelands and irrigated pastures. Significantly more persistent in grazing applications than purple-flowered alfalfas. Falcata longevityis a result of its fibrous roots which compete well for limited soil moisture, and its deeply set crown and buds. The fibrous, creeping root mass may also help defend against invasion by weedy annual bromes such as cheatgrass, Bromus tectorum. Enters complete dormancy when water is limited for extended periods and regrow when moisture returns.

Falcata Yellow Blossom Alfalfa can be described as a spreading plant. It compete well with most native western grasses but may struggle against smooth brome. Falcata Yellow Flower Alfalfa should not be grazed until the second year. Falcata alfalfa presents less risk of bloat in grazing and responds well to grazing pressure. Falcata will not dominate in mixed plantings with grasses. It’s low growth form stays well below the canopy of most grasses. It is frequently used in grass mixes and in rangeland interseeding projects. It is best used in mixes, not as a single species planting and because falcata seed is much smaller than purple-flowered alfalfas a small amount in a blend is sufficient. It is extremely drought and winter hardy and can persist on rangeland by going dormant during challenging conditions.

Can be spring, late summer, early fall or frost seeded.
Recommended Full Seeding Rate: 10 lbs/acre
Recommended Interseeding rate (into existing grass):  1-3 lbs per acre
Ideal Seed Depth: ½”

Quick Plant Facts
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Falcata Yellow Blossom Alfalfa

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