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OUR COMPANY

Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.

 

A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.

Address

Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)
dess@haystackmtn.com

Strawberry Clover is a low-growing (up to 14″), deep-rooted clover excellent in orchards, vineyards and pastures. It is heat and alkali tolerant and can be grazed off or mowed. It attracts beneficial insects and fixes nitrogen. Can handle up to two months of flooding and even grows along salty tidal streams. It is mainly used for pasture and in mixtures with grass for hay and silage. It has also been used to a limited extent as groundcover in orchards and vineyards and for green manure cover crop applications. Strawberry clover is noted for its ability to establish and persist on wet saline and alkaline soils and is adapted to wet meadows, streams and seeps.

Strawberry clover is an introduced perennial low-growing plant with creeping stems that root at the node to spread and it also produces seed. It is native to the eastern Mediterranean and southern Asia Minor Countries and has been intentionally and inadvertently spread by man to every continent on earth. It is grown to a limited degree as a pasture plant in moist alkaline and saline soils in the western and northern Great Plains states.

Broadcast seed followed by culti-packing or a light harrowing. On saline soils, a cover crop of barley is recommended to help establish strawberry clover. A cover crop to help establish strawberry clover is not recommended for non-saline sites.

Planting should take place in late fall (dormant) or in spring. Late summer planting can be successful if there is adequate moisture (may require irrigation) and time for seedlings to establish before cold temperatures. Seed may contain up to 70 percent hard seed, so if seeding during the growing season, seed should be scarified prior to seeding. Dormant fall planting will allow natural seed scarification. Strawberry clover seedlings are easily established and grow rapidly but do not compete well with weeds. Successful stands establish from seeding and natural spread and get better over time.

Strawberry clover is tolerant of grazing once the plants have developed strong stolons or runners. It is suited to either rotational or set-stocking and heavy grazing pressure. The recommended minimum plant height to begin grazing or haying for most clovers is 4 inches and the minimum stubble height to remain at end of grazing or haying is 3 inches.

Strawberry clover can cause bloat in ruminants and increase the incidence of urinary calculi in sheep. These problems can be managed by maintaining a significant component of grass in the pasture. In waterlogged, mildly saline conditions, tall wheatgrass or ‘Newhy’ RS Hybrid wheatgrass are good companion crops and for non-saline, waterlogged conditions, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass and paspalum are suitable companion crops.

When seed is properly inoculated at time of planting, strawberry clover will fix nitrogen from N2 in the atmosphere, requiring little or no additional nitrogen fertilizer. However, legumes require relatively large amounts of phosphorus, potassium and sulphur, and will respond to additions of these nutrients as fertilizer when they are not adequately supplied by the soil. In grass-legume mixtures, it is not possible to supply the ideal combinations of elements for both grass and legume. If nitrogen is applied, the grass will tend to increase at the expense of the legume.

Strawberry clover in mixture with grass is highly suitable for hay but care needs to be taken to avoid the loss of the nutritious leaf from the clover during the curing and bailing process.

Min. Precipitation

5-18 Inches

Sowing Rate

6-10 lbs. per acre as a stand alone item
3-6 lb.s per acre interseed or in a mixture

Seeds per lb.

300,000

Max Sowing Depth:

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