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OUR COMPANY

Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.

 

A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.

Address

Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)
dess@haystackmtn.com

Garrison Creeping Foxtail

Garrison Creeping Foxtail, also know as creeping meadow foxtail, is a cool-season, sod-forming grass introduced from Eurasia. It is strongly rhizomatous grass, forming a dense sod. Garrison is robust and maintains growth throughout the growing season, producing an almost continuous, quality forage. It averages 3-5 feet tall, but can grow as high as 7′ in the right conditions. Garrison is adapted to periods of total water inundation and high water tables but also demonstrates excellent drought tolerance.

Do not confuse Garrison Creeping Foxtail with Foxtail Barley. Foxtail barley is a widely distributed and problematic invasive weed. They are not the same.  Foxtail Barley is low growing annual, seldom more than 18″ tall, with a head that resembles a grain barely head, the tail of a fox or bushy tail squirrel. Long awns are prevalent on Foxtail Barley and the heads turn deep red/purple when they mature. Garrison Creeping Foxtail is 3-6 feet tall with a densely packed columnar seed head with no awns.  An unfortunate result of confusion between these two very different plants is that landowners, assuming it to be the weedy pest, immediately dismiss the use of Garrison Creeping Foxtail and do not benefit from a multitude of positive characteristics.

Well adapted to wetland pastures, Garrison Creeping Foxtail will withstand up to 60 to 70 days of inundation once established. Adapted to a wide range of poorly drained soils. Can tolerate strongly acidic to slightly alkaline environments. Garrison is exceptionally frost tolerant where frost-free periods are less than 30 days. It is moderately drought tolerant, but best performs best in areas receiving 18 inches or more annual precipitation.

‘Garrison’ is the most popular variety of foxtail and is an excellent forage producer. It maintains palatability to livestock even after the plant begins heading. Ideal hay or pasture on sites too wet to mow or graze in early summer. Garrison forms vigorous sod, resulting in an effective erosion barrier and is an excellent for erosion control on ponds, lakes, streams or waterway shorelines. The plants provide good nesting cover for waterfowl.

Garrison Creeping Foxtail is an aggressive species and establishes quickly. Increase the seeding rate to 10-12 pounds per acre for a heavy first-year crop. However, because garrison establishes well and spreads quickly, a heavier seeding rate will return little benefit after the second year of establishment. Garrison is frequently sown in wet “sumpy” areas and broadcast method is most common. Farmers have found good success in broadcasting seed then feeding their livestock over the top. Livestock hooves aid in setting the seed into the ground, resulting in quicker and more complete establishment. See the “establishment” tab above for additional information.

Garrison Creeping Foxtail: coated seed vs. non-coated seed:

Great Basin Seed sells coated Garrison Creeping Foxtaill seed. Non-coated Garrison Foxtail seeds are light and “fluffy” and easily blow away in the wind. Coating is a sprayed-on clay that improves sowing and plant establishment. Clay coating makes the seed size more uniform and more compatible in seed mixes where uncoated garrison is considerably larger and more “fluffy” than other pasture grass seeds. By itself, coated garrison feeds more evenly and uniformly, clogs machinery less and is easier to work with. The clay holds seed on the ground, preventing it from blowing away in the wind and ensuring good contact between the seed and soil bed. It also holds early moisture and nurses the seed through the germination process. Coated with Pinnacle QuickStart.

Recommended seeding rate coated garrison foxtail: 8 bulk pounds per acre.

Image courtesy Steve Hurst & USDA PLANTS database.

***click the “Additional Information” tab for more seed facts.

Common Name:

Garrison Creeping Foxtail

Scientific Name:

Growth Season:

Native or Introduced:

Plant Lifespan:

Plant Type:

Growth Height:

Min. Precipitation

20 – 25 inches

Seed Count

900,000 seeds/lb.

Max Sowing Depth:

Sowing Rate

1-3 PLS lbs. per Acre

Best Sowing Time

Spring or Fall

Zone Map

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Root Form

Bunchgrass

Elevation of Occurance:

pH Tolerance:

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