Great Basin Seed
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Meadow Brome (Meadow Bromegrass) is an introduced, long lived cool season perennial. Introduced to the United States from Turkey in 1949. It is highly palatable and widely used for hay, pasture and forage production. Meadow Brome is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. It provides good erosion control with its dense network of fibrous roots.
Meadow brome is most commonly used in the northern tier of the United States and the southern tier of Canada but can grow on plains, mountain valleys, mountain brush, aspen, conifer forest and subalpine sites at elevations of about 4,000 feet. It has excellent winter hardiness with moderate tolerance to shade (Ogle, et al., 2011). However, it is less winter hardy than smooth brome and crested wheatgrass. It performs best on moderately deep to deep, fertile, well-drained soils but also performs fairly well on shallower soils. Preferred soil textures range from coarse gravelly to medium textured. Meadow brome can be grown under dryland conditions receiving greater than 14 inches of annual precipitation, but performs best with 16 inches or more of annual precipitation or with irrigation. Meadow brome is rated poor to moderate for salinity tolerance depending on testing procedures. It is sensitive to flooding and commonly dies if inundated for more than 10 days.
It is excellent forage for big game animals and waterfowl, and can be used in grass-legume mixes for nesting, brood rearing, escape, and winter cover in upland wildlife conservation plantings and field borders. Less aggressive than Smooth Brome.
A clean, firm, weed-free seedbed is recommended. Dry land and erosion control plantings should be made in the late fall or very early spring when soil moisture is not limited. Irrigated plantings should be made in early to mid spring. On dryland sites under normal precipitation patterns, do not plant later than May 15 or a failure may occur because of drought and hot summer conditions before the grass is well established (Ogle, et al., 2011b). A deep furrow or double disc drill with press wheels may be used. Meadow brome does not flow uniformly through a drill unless it is diluted with rice hulls or other carrier. For dryland and irrigated land a seeding rate of 10 pounds Pure Live Seed (PLS) per acre is recommended (20 seeds per square foot). If broadcast or planted for critical area treatment, double the seeding rate to 20 pounds PLS per acre or 40 seeds PLS per square foot. Meadow brome is very compatible with legumes such as alfalfa, cicer milkvetch, birdsfoot trefoil, sainfoin, and clover species (Ogle, et al., 2011a). When planting with legumes, alternate row planting is recommended due to differences in seedling vigor. Use 6 to 8 pounds PLS of meadow brome seed per acre when planting in alternate rows with a legume. Adjustments in seeding rate should be made when seeding in mixtures to percent of stand desired. Seeding depth should be 1/4 to 1/2 inch.
Under dryland conditions new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the second growing season. The plants may be severely damaged or pulled out by overgrazing especially in the seedling year due to poorly rooted seedlings. Under irrigated conditions the new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the first growing season. Harvesting for hay during the establishment year is most beneficial to eliminate grazing damage. This plant responds well to rotation- deferred grazing systems. To maintain long-lived stands, the grass should be allowed to periodically mature and produce seed for continuation of the stand. It is not considered weedy but could spread into adjoining degraded plant communities via seed under ideal conditions.
‘Cache’ meadow brome was developed by the USDA- ARS, Forage and Range Research Laboratory at Utah State University, Logan, UT and was released in 2004 with Plant Variety Protection (PVP). Cache was derived from selections of Regar, Fleet and Paddock and was selected for improved seedling establishment and increased forage yields on irrigated and semi-irrigated pastures in the Intermountain and Northern Great Plains regions of the western United States. Individual seed weight of Cache is comparable to Fleet and Paddock, but significantly heavier than Regar (Jensen, et al., 2004).
‘Fleet’ meadow brome was developed by the Agriculture Canada Research Station, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and it was released in 1987. Fleet was formed as a synthetic of plants from Eurasian sources including Regar. Fleet is similar to Regar in having a restricted creeping root habit and abundant basal leaves. Fleet also has varying degrees of pubescence similar to Regar. Regrowth following clipping or grazing and fall greenness are also similar to Regar. Forage yields are also similar to Regar, but Fleet may produce higher seed yields (Knowles, 1990).
‘Paddock’ meadow brome was selected by the Agriculture Canada Research Station, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada and released in 1987. It was developed from an introduction from Krasnodar, USSR in 1969. Paddock has a similar habit of growth to Regar and Fleet. Leaves are slightly wider than Regar and forage yields are similar to Fleet and Regar. Paddock seed yields are greater than Regar seed yields (Knowles, 1990).
‘Regar’ meadow brome was selected from a collection made near Zek, in Kars Province in Turkey in 1949 and made available to the Aberdeen Plant Materials Center in 1957 by the USDA Regional Plant Introduction Station. It was released in 1966 by the Aberdeen, Idaho Plant Materials Center and the Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station. Regar seed germinates readily, seedling vigor is good and seedlings establish rapidly. Leaves are numerous, dominantly basal, mildly pubescent, and light
This product has a minimum order quantity of 5 pounds
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|Native or Introduced:|
10-12 PLS lbs. per Acre (double is broadcast)
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|Best Sowing Time|
14 Inches Minimum
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