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OUR COMPANY

Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.

 

A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.

Address

Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)
dess@haystackmtn.com

Hard Fescue

Hard fescue is an introduced cool-season perennial bunchgrass. It is is long lived, persistent and competitive with other grasses and weeds. Hard fescue is native to forest edge habitats and open forests of Europe.

Hard Fescue is used for stabilizing roadsides and ditch banks, farm tree plantings, cover in orchards, weed suppression, campsites and recreational areas, fairways for golf courses, farm landing strips, runway shoulders, logging roads, skid trails, ski slopes, dryland lawns and as cover for retired cropland. It has been used for grazing, but usually more palatable grasses are preferred. Mature stands are short-statured and have few seed heads, which makes this plant desirable for low- maintenance long-term cover. It is less drought tolerant than sheep fescue, but is an important erosion control species. It can attain a height of 30 inches when grown in good conditions. Compared to sheep fescue, it has more lax leaves that are longer, broader and coarser.

‘Durar’ Hard Fescue is more drought resistant than chewings fescue, but not as drought resistant as sheep or Idaho fescue. It is adapted to the 16 to 30 inch rainfall areas of Washington State, Oregon and Idaho. ‘Durar’ makes a tremendous root system, producing many more pounds of roots per acre than it does in top growth. Root samples taken from the top 8 inches of soil after 6 growing seasons showed ‘Durar’ with 6,000 pounds of roots per acre and crested wheatgrass with 3500 pounds of roots per acre. It produces up to 700 pounds of clean seed per acre. It is adapted to medium and fine textured soils that are well drained. Wet or saturated soils are not tolerated. It is somewhat shade tolerant.

Establishment

A firm, weed-free seedbed is highly recommended. The germinating seedlings are susceptible to soil crusting, so early spring seeding is essential. Seeding should be done with double disk drills with depth control so that seeding depth is no more than 1/4 inch. Early spring seedings work well when made in spring barley stubble.

Management

New seedings need protection the first year, so the seeded area should not be used or be subjected to traffic. Weed control is needed especially in the establishment year. Do not fertilize in the year of seeding because this generally results in heavy weed growth. Maintenance applications of fertilizer may be necessary in low fertility critical areas where the stand is stressed. Rotational use is recommended in heavy use areas, along with a maintenance application of fertilizer.

Over 90 cultivars of hard fescue have been released as of 2007, some of which are Plant Variety Protected. Many of these varieties are for turf and lawn use. Durar Hard Fescue was developed by re-selection from seed collected by Virgil Hawk in 1934 at the Eastern Oregon Livestock Experiment Station at Union, Oregon. It was released for commercial production in 1949.

Previously known as Festuca duriuscula and Festuca longifolia.

 

Common Name:

Hard Fescue

Scientific Name:

Available Cultivars/Varieties:

Plant Lifespan:

Root Form

Bunchgrass

Zone Map

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Min. Precipitation

12 – 14 Inches Minimum

Best SowingTime

Spring or Fall

Plant PDF File

fetr.pdf

Sowing Rate

3-6 PLS lbs. per Acre

Seed Count

565,000 per pound

Growth Height:

Plant Type:

Sowing / Planting Rate:

Native or Introduced:

Best Time to Sow:

Max Sowing Depth:

Growth Season:

Sun & Shade Tolerance:

Low Shade Tolerance, Full Sun

Elevation of Occurance:

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