Paddock Meadow Brome

  • Long lived cool season perennial.
  • Highly palatable
  • Widely used for hay, pasture and forage production
  • Available in 20 pound bags

Quantity is per pound. Example: 1 = 1 lb, 2 = 2 lbs, 3 = 3lbs, etc. This is pure seed, not a live plant.


Meadow Brome (or Meadow Bromegrass, Bromopsis biebersteinii) is an introduced, long lived cool season perennial. Introduced to the United States from Turkey in 1949. It is highly palatable and widely used for hay, pasture and forage production. Meadow Brome is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. It provides good erosion control with its dense network of fibrous roots.


Meadow brome is most commonly used in the northern tier of the United States and the southern tier of Canada but can grow on plains, mountain valleys, mountain brush, aspen, conifer forest and subalpine sites at elevations of about 4,000 feet. It has excellent winter hardiness with moderate tolerance to shade. It is less winter hardy than smooth brome and crested wheatgrass. It performs best on moderately deep to deep, fertile, well-drained soils but also performs fairly well on shallower soils. Preferred soil textures range from coarse gravelly to medium textured. Meadow brome can be grown under dryland conditions receiving greater than 14 inches of annual precipitation, but performs best with 16 inches or more of annual precipitation or with irrigation. Meadow brome is rated poor to moderate for salinity tolerance depending on testing procedures. It is sensitive to flooding and commonly dies if inundated for more than 10 days.

Meadow brome is excellent forage for big game animals and waterfowl, and can be used in grass-legume mixes for nesting, brood rearing, escape, and winter cover in upland wildlife conservation plantings and field borders. Less aggressive than Smooth Brome.


A clean, firm, weed-free seedbed is recommended. Dry land and erosion control plantings should be made in the late fall or very early spring when soil moisture is not limited. Irrigated plantings should be made in early to mid spring. On dryland sites under normal precipitation patterns, do not plant later than May 15 or a failure may occur because of drought and hot summer conditions before the grass is well established. A deep furrow or double disc drill with press wheels may be used. Meadow brome does not flow uniformly through a drill unless it is diluted with rice hulls or other carrier. For dryland and irrigated land a seeding rate of 10 pounds Pure Live Seed (PLS) per acre is recommended (20 seeds per square foot). If broadcast or planted for critical area treatment, double the seeding rate to 20 pounds PLS per acre or 40 seeds PLS per square foot. Meadow brome is very compatible with legumes such as alfalfa, cicer milkvetch, birdsfoot trefoil, sainfoin, and clover species.


Under dryland conditions new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the second growing season. The plants may be severely damaged or pulled out by overgrazing especially in the seedling year due to poorly rooted seedlings. Under irrigated conditions the new planting should not be grazed until late summer or fall of the first growing season. Harvesting for hay during the establishment year is most beneficial to eliminate grazing damage. This plant responds well to rotation- deferred grazing systems. To maintain long-lived stands, the grass should be allowed to periodically mature and produce seed for continuation of the stand. It is not considered weedy but could spread into adjoining degraded plant communities via seed under ideal conditions.

Meadow Brome Cultivars

‘Paddock’ meadow brome was selected by the Agriculture Canada Research Station, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada and released in 1987. It was developed from an introduction from Krasnodar, USSR in 1969. Paddock has a similar habit of growth to Regar and Fleet. Leaves are slightly wider than Regar and forage yields are similar to Fleet and Regar. Paddock seed yields are greater than Regar seed yields.

Available in 20 pound bags

Synonyms: Bromus erectus, Bromus riparius

***click on the “Quick Plant Facts” tab above for more information.


(Bromopsis biebersteinii)

Meadow Brome NRCS Plant Guide and Fact Sheet

PDF version of NRCS Plant Guide and Fact Sheet
Prepared By: Dan Ogle, USDA NRCS Idaho State Office, Boise, Idaho
Loren St. John, USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Aberdeen, Idaho
Larry K. Holzworth, USDA NRCS Montana State
Office, Bozeman, Montana
Dr. Kevin B. Jensen, USDA ARS Forage and Range
Research Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, Utah
Species Coordinator: Dan Ogle, USDA NRCS Idaho State Office, Boise, Idaho

Download PDF

Helpful Links

Additional information about this product can be found on the academic websites linked below.


Many plants have more than one common and scientific name. We've listed a few of them below.

  • Paddock Meadow Brome
  • Bromus biebersteinii
  • Meadow Bromegrass

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Quick Plant Facts
Common Name:

Meadow Brome

Scientific Name:


Plant Type:


Seed Count

40,000 seeds/lb.

Growth Season:

Available Varieties:

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Sowing Rate

10-12 PLS lbs. per Acre (double is broadcast)

Max Sowing Depth:

Best Sowing Time

Fall, Spring

Growth Height:

Min. Precipitation

14 Inches Minimum

Root Form


Sun & Shade Tolerance:

High Sun

pH Tolerance:

Elevation of Occurance:

Hardiness Zones:

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