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OUR COMPANY

Needle & Threadgrass

Needle & Threadgrass "bails" after custom field collection in a native southern utah stand.

 

A Little Bit About Us

Great Basin Seed has a proud heritage in the Intermountain West seed industry. Our family lineage and business heritage are directly linked to the beginnings of reclamation, revegetation and wildlife habitat improvement.

Address

Great Basin Seed
450 South 50 East
Ephraim, UT 84627

Contact Info

435.283.1411 (Office)
435.283.6872 (Fax)
dess@haystackmtn.com

Immigrant Forage Kochia

Immigrant Forage Kochia or prostrate kochia is native to the heavily grazed rangeland regions of Central Eurasia. Characteristics include:

  • Long-lived, perennial, semi-evergreen half-shrub
  • Well adapted to U.S. rangelands.
  • Drought tolerant. Will grow on as little as 6 inches annual precipitation
  • Salt and alkali tolerant.
  • Recommended as a component in seed mixes for saline badlands or challenging soil conditions
  • Thrives during hot dry conditions
  • Excellent winter forage, high in protein
  • Excellent for fire breaks

Immigrant Forage Kochia is a Great Basin Seed specialty. The first selections were studied at the Great Basin Experimentation Station by A. Parry Plummer and Richard Stevens, Great Basin Seed family member and plant botanist for the Utah Fish & Game. The selections were later planted at locations in Utah and Nevada where we harvest them in a wild land setting every fall. Great Basin Seed is one of the largest purveyors of Immigrant Forage Kochia in the United States.

Uses:

The high cost of winter feed and quality forage is a major challenge for beef producers in the Western United States. During winter, dormant grasses are high in energy (fiber) but low in protein. Forage Kochia provides a solution to this winter feed conundrum. It is high in protein and has good digestibility. Forage Kochia is a wintergreen. It blossoms late summer and sets seed in November. Remains green throughout the winter months and starts new leaves in late December. It is unrivaled for winter range feed value and produces well in arid conditions.

Forage kochia (Bassia prostrata AKA Kochia prostrata) is different from the weedy Annual Kochia (Kochia scoparia) that many despise. They are NOT the same and should not be confused. Snowstorm Forage Kochia  (Bassia prostrata grisea) is a new release that boasts tall stems that rise above snowpack that would otherwise bury the Immigrant variety.

Because Immigrant Forage Kochia is a perennial, it is non-invasive to native perennial plant communities, and it does not cause nitrate or oxalate toxicity. Forage kochia out-competes many noxious annual weeds including halogen and cheatgrass. Once it has replaced cheatgrass, perennial native species can re-establish in the stand of forage kochia, thus leading to diverse, stable perennial plant communities.

When to Plant:

Best results are achieved when sown in winter months. Mid December through March 1 are generally best. Conditions are generally ideal in January and February. Condition (harrow or some form of agitation) your ground in the fall as weather permits then sow seed over snow or in cold bare ground. We do not recommend sowing at any other time of year.

Immigrant Forage Kochia as a Fire Break:

Forage Kochia is fire resistant and a key component in the fight against cheet grass wildfires in the west. It will compete with cheet grass for early spring moisture but it is not invasive and does not spread aggressively. Where Kochia is established it will out compete cheet grass and create visible borders, simultaneously creating a green fire break and reducing the overall flammable biomass. It is an evergreen and has succulent leaves most of the year but reaches peak greenery late summer when annual grasses and understory dry out and become a fire hazard. It is very effective and valuable for green-striping on western rangelands.

Our Kochia is collected every fall (November) and stored in freezers to preserve germination.

Scientific Name: Bassia prostrate ssp. vivescens or Kochia prostrata

Root Form

Taproot

Min. Precipitation

6 inches

Best SowingTime

Mid Dec – Late Feb

Sowing Rate

4 PLS lbs. per Acre

Seed Count

400,000

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